From the NRA to what Parkland has done in the government
By Georgia Thoms
What is the Second Amendment?
The Second Amendment of the U.S. Constitution, added in 1791, states: “A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.”
What is Parkland’s message?
The students from MSD proposed a five-step agenda: congress should lift funding limits, enacted in 1996, on CDC research into gun violence, and records of gun sales should be digitalized, so they can be better tracked.
Universal background checks should be enacted; then limits on the sale of high-capacity magazines, and ultimately, all assault weapons.
In order to gain recognition and possible reform for gun laws, students created the March for Our Lives movement and #neveragain.
What is the NRA?
NRA stands for National Rifle Association. The group was founded in 1871 as a recreational group designed to “promote and encourage rifle shooting on a scientific basis.”
According to BBC on US Gun Control, The NRA’s path into political lobbying began in 1934 and has continued to influence policy directly by the Institute for Legislative Action.
In 1977 it formed its own Political Action Committee to channel funds to legislators, and has become one of the largest organizations with 5 million followers as of 2017.
What are state legislatures saying?
Following the events at MSD, Florida Gov. Rick Scott signed Senate Bill 7026 into law, the first gun control legislation in the state after the massacre.
The law, known as the Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School Public Safety Act, tightens gun control in several ways, and also allows some teachers to be armed.
According to the Florida senate, the act is “authorizing the awarding of grants through the Crime Stoppers Trust Fund for student crime watch programs; establishing the Office of Safe Schools within the Department of Education; providing that each sheriff may establish a Coach Aaron Feis Guardian Program and appoint certain volunteer school employees as school guardians; prohibiting a person who has been adjudicated mentally defective or been committed to a mental institution from owning or possessing a firearm until certain relief is obtained; prohibiting a person younger than a certain age from purchasing a firearm; prohibiting specified acts relating to the sale and possession of bump-fire stocks; creating the Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School Public Safety Commission within the Department of Law Enforcement, etc.”
What are the current gun laws?
Federal law regulates gun ownership to a degree, such as placing restrictions on the ownership of certain types of firearms.
For example, the National Firearms Act places restrictions on the sale or possession of short-barreled shotguns, machine guns, and silencers if through a licensed dealer. Owners must go through an extensive background check, purchase a tax stamp for the manufacture of the firearm or device, and register the weapon with the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives’ NFA registry, Some states have prohibited the ownership of these types of firearms and devices.
It should be known that under the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act, a person cannot have a licensed gun for personal or business use if they:
Were convicted of a crime punishable by being in prison for more than one year; are a fugitive from justice; are addicted to, or illegally use, any controlled substance; have been ruled mentally unstable, or are committed to a mental institution; are an illegal alien living in the United States unlawfully; received a dishonorable discharge from the U.S. Armed Forces; renounced their U.S. citizenship, if they are a U.S. citizen; are subject to a court restraining order that involves ones ‘intimate partner,’ ones partner’s child, or children; or were convicted of domestic violence in any court of a misdemeanor. With universal background checks, these offenses or inhibitors would be taken into account when someone is purchasing an automatic weapon.
What about unregistered guns?
Law-abiding citizens have more than 600 million firearms in America, but there is also a staggering number of unregistered guns as well. This is because of the “gun show loophole” where most states do not require background checks for firearms purchased at gun shows from private individuals; only federal law requires licensed dealers to conduct background checks.
What is the President arguing?
According to Fox News, President Trump and many others suggested the possibility of arming teachers after the school shooting.
A school safety bill allowing a maximum of 10 school personnel to be armed, narrowly passed the Florida state House on March 7, and Governor Rick Scott signed it into law.
On Twitter, Trump stated,“giving concealed guns to gun adept teachers with military or special training experience – only the best…Highly trained teachers would also serve as a deterrent to the cowards that do this. Far more assets at much less cost than guards.”